class astropy.modeling.fitting.FittingWithOutlierRemoval(fitter, outlier_func, niter=3, **outlier_kwargs)[source]

Bases: object

This class combines an outlier removal technique with a fitting procedure. Basically, given a number of iterations niter, outliers are removed and fitting is performed for each iteration.

fitterAn Astropy fitter

An instance of any Astropy fitter, i.e., LinearLSQFitter, LevMarLSQFitter, SLSQPLSQFitter, SimplexLSQFitter, JointFitter. For model set fitting, this must understand masked input data (as indicated by the fitter class attribute supports_masked_input).


A function for outlier removal. If this accepts an axis parameter like the numpy functions, the appropriate value will be supplied automatically when fitting model sets (unless overridden in outlier_kwargs), to find outliers for each model separately; otherwise, the same filtering must be performed in a loop over models, which is almost an order of magnitude slower.

niterint, optional

Number of iterations.

outlier_kwargsdict, optional

Keyword arguments for outlier_func.

Methods Summary

__call__(self, model, x, y[, z, weights])


Methods Documentation

__call__(self, model, x, y, z=None, weights=None, **kwargs)[source]

An analytic model which will be fit to the provided data. This also contains the initial guess for an optimization algorithm.


Input coordinates.


Data measurements (1D case) or input coordinates (2D case).

zarray_like, optional

Data measurements (2D case).

weightsarray_like, optional

Weights to be passed to the fitter.

kwargsdict, optional

Keyword arguments to be passed to the fitter.


Fitted model after outlier removal.


Boolean mask array, identifying which points were used in the final fitting iteration (False) and which were found to be outliers or were masked in the input (True).