match_coordinates_3d

astropy.coordinates.match_coordinates_3d(matchcoord, catalogcoord, nthneighbor=1, storekdtree='kdtree_3d')[source]

Finds the nearest 3-dimensional matches of a coordinate or coordinates in a set of catalog coordinates.

This finds the 3-dimensional closest neighbor, which is only different from the on-sky distance if distance is set in either matchcoord or catalogcoord.

Parameters
matchcoordBaseCoordinateFrame or SkyCoord

The coordinate(s) to match to the catalog.

catalogcoordBaseCoordinateFrame or SkyCoord

The base catalog in which to search for matches. Typically this will be a coordinate object that is an array (i.e., catalogcoord.isscalar == False)

nthneighborint, optional

Which closest neighbor to search for. Typically 1 is desired here, as that is correct for matching one set of coordinates to another. The next likely use case is 2, for matching a coordinate catalog against itself (1 is inappropriate because each point will find itself as the closest match).

storekdtreebool or str, optional

If a string, will store the KD-Tree used for the computation in the catalogcoord, as in catalogcoord.cache with the provided name. This dramatically speeds up subsequent calls with the same catalog. If False, the KD-Tree is discarded after use.

Returns
idxint array

Indices into catalogcoord to get the matched points for each matchcoord. Shape matches matchcoord.

sep2dAngle

The on-sky separation between the closest match for each matchcoord and the matchcoord. Shape matches matchcoord.

dist3dQuantity [:ref: ‘length’]

The 3D distance between the closest match for each matchcoord and the matchcoord. Shape matches matchcoord.

Notes

This function requires SciPy to be installed or it will fail.