# Using prior versions of constants¶

By default, `astropy.units`

are initialized upon first import to use
the current versions of `astropy.constants`

. For units to initialize
properly to a prior version of constants, the constants versions must
be set before the first import of `astropy.units`

or `astropy.constants`

.

This is accomplished using ScienceState classes in the top-level package. Setting the prior versions at the start of a Python session will allow consistent units, as follows:

```
>>> import astropy
>>> astropy.physical_constants.set('codata2010')
<ScienceState physical_constants: 'codata2010'>
>>> astropy.astronomical_constants.set('iau2012')
<ScienceState astronomical_constants: 'iau2012'>
>>> import astropy.units as u
>>> import astropy.constants as const
>>> (const.M_sun / u.M_sun).to(u.dimensionless_unscaled) - 1
<Quantity 0.>
>>> const.M_sun
Name = Solar mass
Value = 1.9891e+30
Uncertainty = 5e+25
Unit = kg
Reference = Allen's Astrophysical Quantities 4th Ed.
```

If `astropy.units`

has already been imported, a RuntimeError is raised.