# Source code for astropy.nddata.utils

```
# Licensed under a 3-clause BSD style license - see LICENSE.rst
"""
This module includes helper functions for array operations.
"""
from copy import deepcopy
import numpy as np
from astropy import units as u
from astropy.coordinates import SkyCoord
from astropy.io.fits.hdu.compressed import CompImageSection
from astropy.io.fits.hdu.image import Section
from astropy.utils import lazyproperty
from astropy.wcs import Sip
from astropy.wcs.utils import proj_plane_pixel_scales, skycoord_to_pixel
__all__ = [
"extract_array",
"add_array",
"subpixel_indices",
"overlap_slices",
"NoOverlapError",
"PartialOverlapError",
"Cutout2D",
]
[docs]
class NoOverlapError(ValueError):
"""Raised when determining the overlap of non-overlapping arrays."""
[docs]
def overlap_slices(large_array_shape, small_array_shape, position, mode="partial"):
"""
Get slices for the overlapping part of a small and a large array.
Given a certain position of the center of the small array, with
respect to the large array, tuples of slices are returned which can be
used to extract, add or subtract the small array at the given
position. This function takes care of the correct behavior at the
boundaries, where the small array is cut of appropriately.
Integer positions are at the pixel centers.
Parameters
----------
large_array_shape : tuple of int or int
The shape of the large array (for 1D arrays, this can be an
`int`).
small_array_shape : int or tuple thereof
The shape of the small array (for 1D arrays, this can be an
`int`). See the ``mode`` keyword for additional details.
position : number or tuple thereof
The position of the small array's center with respect to the
large array. The pixel coordinates should be in the same order
as the array shape. Integer positions are at the pixel centers.
For any axis where ``small_array_shape`` is even, the position
is rounded up, e.g. extracting two elements with a center of
``1`` will define the extracted region as ``[0, 1]``.
mode : {'partial', 'trim', 'strict'}, optional
In ``'partial'`` mode, a partial overlap of the small and the
large array is sufficient. The ``'trim'`` mode is similar to
the ``'partial'`` mode, but ``slices_small`` will be adjusted to
return only the overlapping elements. In the ``'strict'`` mode,
the small array has to be fully contained in the large array,
otherwise an `~astropy.nddata.utils.PartialOverlapError` is
raised. In all modes, non-overlapping arrays will raise a
`~astropy.nddata.utils.NoOverlapError`.
Returns
-------
slices_large : tuple of slice
A tuple of slice objects for each axis of the large array, such
that ``large_array[slices_large]`` extracts the region of the
large array that overlaps with the small array.
slices_small : tuple of slice
A tuple of slice objects for each axis of the small array, such
that ``small_array[slices_small]`` extracts the region that is
inside the large array.
"""
if mode not in ["partial", "trim", "strict"]:
raise ValueError('Mode can be only "partial", "trim", or "strict".')
if np.isscalar(small_array_shape):
small_array_shape = (small_array_shape,)
if np.isscalar(large_array_shape):
large_array_shape = (large_array_shape,)
if np.isscalar(position):
position = (position,)
if any(~np.isfinite(position)):
raise ValueError("Input position contains invalid values (NaNs or infs).")
if len(small_array_shape) != len(large_array_shape):
raise ValueError(
'"large_array_shape" and "small_array_shape" must '
"have the same number of dimensions."
)
if len(small_array_shape) != len(position):
raise ValueError(
'"position" must have the same number of dimensions as "small_array_shape".'
)
# define the min/max pixel indices
indices_min = [
int(np.ceil(pos - (small_shape / 2.0)))
for (pos, small_shape) in zip(position, small_array_shape)
]
indices_max = [
int(np.ceil(pos + (small_shape / 2.0)))
for (pos, small_shape) in zip(position, small_array_shape)
]
for e_max in indices_max:
if e_max < 0:
raise NoOverlapError("Arrays do not overlap.")
for e_min, large_shape in zip(indices_min, large_array_shape):
if e_min >= large_shape:
raise NoOverlapError("Arrays do not overlap.")
if mode == "strict":
for e_min in indices_min:
if e_min < 0:
raise PartialOverlapError("Arrays overlap only partially.")
for e_max, large_shape in zip(indices_max, large_array_shape):
if e_max > large_shape:
raise PartialOverlapError("Arrays overlap only partially.")
# Set up slices
slices_large = tuple(
slice(max(0, indices_min), min(large_shape, indices_max))
for (indices_min, indices_max, large_shape) in zip(
indices_min, indices_max, large_array_shape
)
)
if mode == "trim":
slices_small = tuple(slice(0, slc.stop - slc.start) for slc in slices_large)
else:
slices_small = tuple(
slice(
max(0, -indices_min),
min(large_shape - indices_min, indices_max - indices_min),
)
for (indices_min, indices_max, large_shape) in zip(
indices_min, indices_max, large_array_shape
)
)
return slices_large, slices_small
[docs]
def extract_array(
array_large,
shape,
position,
mode="partial",
fill_value=np.nan,
return_position=False,
):
"""
Extract a smaller array of the given shape and position from a
larger array.
Parameters
----------
array_large : ndarray
The array from which to extract the small array.
shape : int or tuple thereof
The shape of the extracted array (for 1D arrays, this can be an
`int`). See the ``mode`` keyword for additional details.
position : number or tuple thereof
The position of the small array's center with respect to the
large array. The pixel coordinates should be in the same order
as the array shape. Integer positions are at the pixel centers
(for 1D arrays, this can be a number).
mode : {'partial', 'trim', 'strict'}, optional
The mode used for extracting the small array. For the
``'partial'`` and ``'trim'`` modes, a partial overlap of the
small array and the large array is sufficient. For the
``'strict'`` mode, the small array has to be fully contained
within the large array, otherwise an
`~astropy.nddata.utils.PartialOverlapError` is raised. In all
modes, non-overlapping arrays will raise a
`~astropy.nddata.utils.NoOverlapError`. In ``'partial'`` mode,
positions in the small array that do not overlap with the large
array will be filled with ``fill_value``. In ``'trim'`` mode
only the overlapping elements are returned, thus the resulting
small array may be smaller than the requested ``shape``.
fill_value : number, optional
If ``mode='partial'``, the value to fill pixels in the extracted
small array that do not overlap with the input ``array_large``.
``fill_value`` will be changed to have the same ``dtype`` as the
``array_large`` array, with one exception. If ``array_large``
has integer type and ``fill_value`` is ``np.nan``, then a
`ValueError` will be raised.
return_position : bool, optional
If `True`, return the coordinates of ``position`` in the
coordinate system of the returned array.
Returns
-------
array_small : ndarray
The extracted array.
new_position : tuple
If ``return_position`` is true, this tuple will contain the
coordinates of the input ``position`` in the coordinate system
of ``array_small``. Note that for partially overlapping arrays,
``new_position`` might actually be outside of the
``array_small``; ``array_small[new_position]`` might give wrong
results if any element in ``new_position`` is negative.
Examples
--------
We consider a large array with the shape 11x10, from which we extract
a small array of shape 3x5:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from astropy.nddata.utils import extract_array
>>> large_array = np.arange(110).reshape((11, 10))
>>> extract_array(large_array, (3, 5), (7, 7))
array([[65, 66, 67, 68, 69],
[75, 76, 77, 78, 79],
[85, 86, 87, 88, 89]])
"""
if np.isscalar(shape):
shape = (shape,)
if np.isscalar(position):
position = (position,)
if mode not in ["partial", "trim", "strict"]:
raise ValueError("Valid modes are 'partial', 'trim', and 'strict'.")
large_slices, small_slices = overlap_slices(
array_large.shape, shape, position, mode=mode
)
extracted_array = array_large[large_slices]
if return_position:
new_position = [i - s.start for i, s in zip(position, large_slices)]
# Extracting on the edges is presumably a rare case, so treat special here
if (extracted_array.shape != shape) and (mode == "partial"):
extracted_array = np.zeros(shape, dtype=array_large.dtype)
try:
extracted_array[:] = fill_value
except ValueError as exc:
exc.args += (
"fill_value is inconsistent with the data type of "
"the input array (e.g., fill_value cannot be set to "
"np.nan if the input array has integer type). Please "
"change either the input array dtype or the "
"fill_value.",
)
raise exc
extracted_array[small_slices] = array_large[large_slices]
if return_position:
new_position = [i + s.start for i, s in zip(new_position, small_slices)]
if return_position:
return extracted_array, tuple(new_position)
else:
return extracted_array
[docs]
def add_array(array_large, array_small, position):
"""
Add a smaller array at a given position in a larger array.
Parameters
----------
array_large : ndarray
Large array.
array_small : ndarray
Small array to add. Can be equal to ``array_large`` in size in a given
dimension, but not larger.
position : tuple
Position of the small array's center, with respect to the large array.
Coordinates should be in the same order as the array shape.
Returns
-------
new_array : ndarray
The new array formed from the sum of ``array_large`` and
``array_small``.
Notes
-----
The addition is done in-place.
Examples
--------
We consider a large array of zeros with the shape 5x5 and a small
array of ones with a shape of 3x3:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from astropy.nddata.utils import add_array
>>> large_array = np.zeros((5, 5))
>>> small_array = np.ones((3, 3))
>>> add_array(large_array, small_array, (1, 2)) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
array([[0., 1., 1., 1., 0.],
[0., 1., 1., 1., 0.],
[0., 1., 1., 1., 0.],
[0., 0., 0., 0., 0.],
[0., 0., 0., 0., 0.]])
"""
# Check if large array is not smaller
if all(
large_shape >= small_shape
for (large_shape, small_shape) in zip(array_large.shape, array_small.shape)
):
large_slices, small_slices = overlap_slices(
array_large.shape, array_small.shape, position
)
array_large[large_slices] += array_small[small_slices]
return array_large
else:
raise ValueError("Can't add array. Small array too large.")
[docs]
def subpixel_indices(position, subsampling):
"""
Convert decimal points to indices, given a subsampling factor.
This discards the integer part of the position and uses only the decimal
place, and converts this to a subpixel position depending on the
subsampling specified. The center of a pixel corresponds to an integer
position.
Parameters
----------
position : ndarray or array-like
Positions in pixels.
subsampling : int
Subsampling factor per pixel.
Returns
-------
indices : ndarray
The integer subpixel indices corresponding to the input positions.
Examples
--------
If no subsampling is used, then the subpixel indices returned are always 0:
>>> from astropy.nddata.utils import subpixel_indices
>>> subpixel_indices([1.2, 3.4, 5.6], 1) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
array([0., 0., 0.])
If instead we use a subsampling of 2, we see that for the two first values
(1.1 and 3.4) the subpixel position is 1, while for 5.6 it is 0. This is
because the values of 1, 3, and 6 lie in the center of pixels, and 1.1 and
3.4 lie in the left part of the pixels and 5.6 lies in the right part.
>>> subpixel_indices([1.2, 3.4, 5.5], 2) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
array([1., 1., 0.])
"""
# Get decimal points
fractions = np.modf(np.asanyarray(position) + 0.5)[0]
return np.floor(fractions * subsampling)
[docs]
class Cutout2D:
"""
Create a cutout object from a 2D array.
The returned object will contain a 2D cutout array. If
``copy=False`` (default), the cutout array is a view into the
original ``data`` array, otherwise the cutout array will contain a
copy of the original data.
If a `~astropy.wcs.WCS` object is input, then the returned object
will also contain a copy of the original WCS, but updated for the
cutout array.
For example usage, see :ref:`astropy:cutout_images`.
.. warning::
The cutout WCS object does not currently handle cases where the
input WCS object contains distortion lookup tables described in
the `FITS WCS distortion paper
<https://www.atnf.csiro.au/people/mcalabre/WCS/dcs_20040422.pdf>`__.
Parameters
----------
data : ndarray
The 2D data array from which to extract the cutout array.
position : tuple or `~astropy.coordinates.SkyCoord`
The position of the cutout array's center with respect to
the ``data`` array. The position can be specified either as
a ``(x, y)`` tuple of pixel coordinates or a
`~astropy.coordinates.SkyCoord`, in which case ``wcs`` is a
required input.
size : int, array-like, or `~astropy.units.Quantity`
The size of the cutout array along each axis. If ``size``
is a scalar number or a scalar `~astropy.units.Quantity`,
then a square cutout of ``size`` will be created. If
``size`` has two elements, they should be in ``(ny, nx)``
order. Scalar numbers in ``size`` are assumed to be in
units of pixels. ``size`` can also be a
`~astropy.units.Quantity` object or contain
`~astropy.units.Quantity` objects. Such
`~astropy.units.Quantity` objects must be in pixel or
angular units. For all cases, ``size`` will be converted to
an integer number of pixels, rounding the nearest
integer. See the ``mode`` keyword for additional details on
the final cutout size.
.. note::
If ``size`` is in angular units, the cutout size is
converted to pixels using the pixel scales along each
axis of the image at the ``CRPIX`` location. Projection
and other non-linear distortions are not taken into
account.
wcs : `~astropy.wcs.WCS`, optional
A WCS object associated with the input ``data`` array. If
``wcs`` is not `None`, then the returned cutout object will
contain a copy of the updated WCS for the cutout data array.
mode : {'trim', 'partial', 'strict'}, optional
The mode used for creating the cutout data array. For the
``'partial'`` and ``'trim'`` modes, a partial overlap of the
cutout array and the input ``data`` array is sufficient.
For the ``'strict'`` mode, the cutout array has to be fully
contained within the ``data`` array, otherwise an
`~astropy.nddata.utils.PartialOverlapError` is raised. In
all modes, non-overlapping arrays will raise a
`~astropy.nddata.utils.NoOverlapError`. In ``'partial'``
mode, positions in the cutout array that do not overlap with
the ``data`` array will be filled with ``fill_value``. In
``'trim'`` mode only the overlapping elements are returned,
thus the resulting cutout array may be smaller than the
requested ``shape``.
fill_value : float or int, optional
If ``mode='partial'``, the value to fill pixels in the
cutout array that do not overlap with the input ``data``.
``fill_value`` must have the same ``dtype`` as the input
``data`` array.
copy : bool, optional
If `False` (default), then the cutout data will be a view
into the original ``data`` array. If `True`, then the
cutout data will hold a copy of the original ``data`` array.
Attributes
----------
data : 2D `~numpy.ndarray`
The 2D cutout array.
shape : (2,) tuple
The ``(ny, nx)`` shape of the cutout array.
shape_input : (2,) tuple
The ``(ny, nx)`` shape of the input (original) array.
input_position_cutout : (2,) tuple
The (unrounded) ``(x, y)`` position with respect to the cutout
array.
input_position_original : (2,) tuple
The original (unrounded) ``(x, y)`` input position (with respect
to the original array).
slices_original : (2,) tuple of slice object
A tuple of slice objects for the minimal bounding box of the
cutout with respect to the original array. For
``mode='partial'``, the slices are for the valid (non-filled)
cutout values.
slices_cutout : (2,) tuple of slice object
A tuple of slice objects for the minimal bounding box of the
cutout with respect to the cutout array. For
``mode='partial'``, the slices are for the valid (non-filled)
cutout values.
xmin_original, ymin_original, xmax_original, ymax_original : float
The minimum and maximum ``x`` and ``y`` indices of the minimal
rectangular region of the cutout array with respect to the
original array. For ``mode='partial'``, the bounding box
indices are for the valid (non-filled) cutout values. These
values are the same as those in `bbox_original`.
xmin_cutout, ymin_cutout, xmax_cutout, ymax_cutout : float
The minimum and maximum ``x`` and ``y`` indices of the minimal
rectangular region of the cutout array with respect to the
cutout array. For ``mode='partial'``, the bounding box indices
are for the valid (non-filled) cutout values. These values are
the same as those in `bbox_cutout`.
wcs : `~astropy.wcs.WCS` or None
A WCS object associated with the cutout array if a ``wcs``
was input.
Examples
--------
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from astropy.nddata.utils import Cutout2D
>>> from astropy import units as u
>>> data = np.arange(20.).reshape(5, 4)
>>> cutout1 = Cutout2D(data, (2, 2), (3, 3))
>>> print(cutout1.data) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
[[ 5. 6. 7.]
[ 9. 10. 11.]
[13. 14. 15.]]
>>> print(cutout1.center_original)
(2.0, 2.0)
>>> print(cutout1.center_cutout)
(1.0, 1.0)
>>> print(cutout1.origin_original)
(1, 1)
>>> cutout2 = Cutout2D(data, (2, 2), 3)
>>> print(cutout2.data) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
[[ 5. 6. 7.]
[ 9. 10. 11.]
[13. 14. 15.]]
>>> size = u.Quantity([3, 3], u.pixel)
>>> cutout3 = Cutout2D(data, (0, 0), size)
>>> print(cutout3.data) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
[[0. 1.]
[4. 5.]]
>>> cutout4 = Cutout2D(data, (0, 0), (3 * u.pixel, 3))
>>> print(cutout4.data) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
[[0. 1.]
[4. 5.]]
>>> cutout5 = Cutout2D(data, (0, 0), (3, 3), mode='partial')
>>> print(cutout5.data) # doctest: +FLOAT_CMP
[[nan nan nan]
[nan 0. 1.]
[nan 4. 5.]]
"""
def __init__(
self, data, position, size, wcs=None, mode="trim", fill_value=np.nan, copy=False
):
if wcs is None:
wcs = getattr(data, "wcs", None)
if isinstance(position, SkyCoord):
if wcs is None:
raise ValueError("wcs must be input if position is a SkyCoord")
position = skycoord_to_pixel(position, wcs, mode="all") # (x, y)
if np.isscalar(size):
size = np.repeat(size, 2)
# special handling for a scalar Quantity
if isinstance(size, u.Quantity):
size = np.atleast_1d(size)
if len(size) == 1:
size = np.repeat(size, 2)
if len(size) > 2:
raise ValueError("size must have at most two elements")
shape = np.zeros(2).astype(int)
pixel_scales = None
# ``size`` can have a mixture of int and Quantity (and even units),
# so evaluate each axis separately
for axis, side in enumerate(size):
if not isinstance(side, u.Quantity):
shape[axis] = int(np.round(size[axis])) # pixels
else:
if side.unit == u.pixel:
shape[axis] = int(np.round(side.value))
elif side.unit.physical_type == "angle":
if wcs is None:
raise ValueError(
"wcs must be input if any element of size has angular units"
)
if pixel_scales is None:
pixel_scales = u.Quantity(
proj_plane_pixel_scales(wcs), wcs.wcs.cunit[axis]
)
shape[axis] = int(np.round((side / pixel_scales[axis]).decompose()))
else:
raise ValueError(
"shape can contain Quantities with only pixel or angular units"
)
if not isinstance(
data, (Section, CompImageSection)
): # Accept lazy-loaded image sections
data = np.asanyarray(data)
# reverse position because extract_array and overlap_slices
# use (y, x), but keep the input position
pos_yx = position[::-1]
cutout_data, input_position_cutout = extract_array(
data,
tuple(shape),
pos_yx,
mode=mode,
fill_value=fill_value,
return_position=True,
)
if copy:
cutout_data = np.copy(cutout_data)
self.data = cutout_data
self.input_position_cutout = input_position_cutout[::-1] # (x, y)
slices_original, slices_cutout = overlap_slices(
data.shape, shape, pos_yx, mode=mode
)
self.slices_original = slices_original
self.slices_cutout = slices_cutout
self.shape = self.data.shape
self.input_position_original = position
self.shape_input = shape
(
(self.ymin_original, self.ymax_original),
(self.xmin_original, self.xmax_original),
) = self.bbox_original
(
(self.ymin_cutout, self.ymax_cutout),
(self.xmin_cutout, self.xmax_cutout),
) = self.bbox_cutout
# the true origin pixel of the cutout array, including any
# filled cutout values
self._origin_original_true = (
self.origin_original[0] - self.slices_cutout[1].start,
self.origin_original[1] - self.slices_cutout[0].start,
)
if wcs is not None:
self.wcs = deepcopy(wcs)
self.wcs.wcs.crpix -= self._origin_original_true
self.wcs.array_shape = self.data.shape
if wcs.sip is not None:
self.wcs.sip = Sip(
wcs.sip.a,
wcs.sip.b,
wcs.sip.ap,
wcs.sip.bp,
wcs.sip.crpix - self._origin_original_true,
)
else:
self.wcs = None
[docs]
def to_original_position(self, cutout_position):
"""
Convert an ``(x, y)`` position in the cutout array to the original
``(x, y)`` position in the original large array.
Parameters
----------
cutout_position : tuple
The ``(x, y)`` pixel position in the cutout array.
Returns
-------
original_position : tuple
The corresponding ``(x, y)`` pixel position in the original
large array.
See Also
--------
to_cutout_position
"""
return tuple(cutout_position[i] + self.origin_original[i] for i in [0, 1])
[docs]
def to_cutout_position(self, original_position):
"""
Convert an ``(x, y)`` position in the original large array to
the ``(x, y)`` position in the cutout array.
Parameters
----------
original_position : tuple
The ``(x, y)`` pixel position in the original large array.
Returns
-------
cutout_position : tuple
The corresponding ``(x, y)`` pixel position in the cutout
array.
See Also
--------
to_original_position
"""
return tuple(original_position[i] - self.origin_original[i] for i in [0, 1])
[docs]
def plot_on_original(self, ax=None, fill=False, **kwargs):
"""
Plot the cutout region on a matplotlib Axes instance.
Parameters
----------
ax : `matplotlib.axes.Axes` instance, optional
If `None`, then the current `matplotlib.axes.Axes` instance
is used.
fill : bool, optional
Set whether to fill the cutout patch. The default is
`False`.
kwargs : optional
Any keyword arguments accepted by `matplotlib.patches.Patch`.
Returns
-------
ax : `matplotlib.axes.Axes` instance
The matplotlib Axes instance constructed in the method if
``ax=None``. Otherwise the output ``ax`` is the same as the
input ``ax``.
"""
import matplotlib.patches as mpatches
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
kwargs["fill"] = fill
if ax is None:
ax = plt.gca()
height, width = self.shape
hw, hh = width / 2.0, height / 2.0
pos_xy = self.position_original - np.array([hw, hh])
patch = mpatches.Rectangle(pos_xy, width, height, angle=0.0, **kwargs)
ax.add_patch(patch)
return ax
@staticmethod
def _calc_center(slices):
"""
Calculate the center position. The center position will be
fractional for even-sized arrays. For ``mode='partial'``, the
central position is calculated for the valid (non-filled) cutout
values.
"""
return tuple(0.5 * (slices[i].start + slices[i].stop - 1) for i in [1, 0])
@staticmethod
def _calc_bbox(slices):
"""
Calculate a minimal bounding box in the form ``((ymin, ymax),
(xmin, xmax))``. Note these are pixel locations, not slice
indices. For ``mode='partial'``, the bounding box indices are
for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
# (stop - 1) to return the max pixel location, not the slice index
return (
(slices[0].start, slices[0].stop - 1),
(slices[1].start, slices[1].stop - 1),
)
@lazyproperty
def origin_original(self):
"""
The ``(x, y)`` index of the origin pixel of the cutout with
respect to the original array. For ``mode='partial'``, the
origin pixel is calculated for the valid (non-filled) cutout
values.
"""
return (self.slices_original[1].start, self.slices_original[0].start)
@lazyproperty
def origin_cutout(self):
"""
The ``(x, y)`` index of the origin pixel of the cutout with
respect to the cutout array. For ``mode='partial'``, the origin
pixel is calculated for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
return (self.slices_cutout[1].start, self.slices_cutout[0].start)
@staticmethod
def _round(a):
"""
Round the input to the nearest integer.
If two integers are equally close, the value is rounded up.
Note that this is different from `np.round`, which rounds to the
nearest even number.
"""
return int(np.floor(a + 0.5))
@lazyproperty
def position_original(self):
"""
The ``(x, y)`` position index (rounded to the nearest pixel) in
the original array.
"""
return (
self._round(self.input_position_original[0]),
self._round(self.input_position_original[1]),
)
@lazyproperty
def position_cutout(self):
"""
The ``(x, y)`` position index (rounded to the nearest pixel) in
the cutout array.
"""
return (
self._round(self.input_position_cutout[0]),
self._round(self.input_position_cutout[1]),
)
@lazyproperty
def center_original(self):
"""
The central ``(x, y)`` position of the cutout array with respect
to the original array. For ``mode='partial'``, the central
position is calculated for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
return self._calc_center(self.slices_original)
@lazyproperty
def center_cutout(self):
"""
The central ``(x, y)`` position of the cutout array with respect
to the cutout array. For ``mode='partial'``, the central
position is calculated for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
return self._calc_center(self.slices_cutout)
@lazyproperty
def bbox_original(self):
"""
The bounding box ``((ymin, ymax), (xmin, xmax))`` of the minimal
rectangular region of the cutout array with respect to the
original array. For ``mode='partial'``, the bounding box
indices are for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
return self._calc_bbox(self.slices_original)
@lazyproperty
def bbox_cutout(self):
"""
The bounding box ``((ymin, ymax), (xmin, xmax))`` of the minimal
rectangular region of the cutout array with respect to the
cutout array. For ``mode='partial'``, the bounding box indices
are for the valid (non-filled) cutout values.
"""
return self._calc_bbox(self.slices_cutout)
```