Source code for astropy.io.registry.interface

# Licensed under a 3-clause BSD style license - see LICENSE.rst

import inspect
import os
import re

from .base import IORegistryError

__all__ = ['UnifiedReadWriteMethod', 'UnifiedReadWrite']


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[docs]class UnifiedReadWrite: """Base class for the worker object used in unified read() or write() methods. This lightweight object is created for each `read()` or `write()` call via ``read`` / ``write`` descriptors on the data object class. The key driver is to allow complete format-specific documentation of available method options via a ``help()`` method, e.g. ``Table.read.help('fits')``. Subclasses must define a ``__call__`` method which is what actually gets called when the data object ``read()`` or ``write()`` method is called. For the canonical example see the `~astropy.table.Table` class implementation (in particular the ``connect.py`` module there). Parameters ---------- instance : object Descriptor calling instance or None if no instance cls : type Descriptor calling class (either owner class or instance class) method_name : str Method name, e.g. 'read' or 'write' registry : ``_UnifiedIORegistryBase`` or None, optional The IO registry. """ def __init__(self, instance, cls, method_name, registry=None): if registry is None: from astropy.io.registry.compat import default_registry as registry self._registry = registry self._instance = instance self._cls = cls self._method_name = method_name # 'read' or 'write' @property def registry(self): """Unified I/O registry instance.""" return self._registry
[docs] def help(self, format=None, out=None): """Output help documentation for the specified unified I/O ``format``. By default the help output is printed to the console via ``pydoc.pager``. Instead one can supplied a file handle object as ``out`` and the output will be written to that handle. Parameters ---------- format : str Unified I/O format name, e.g. 'fits' or 'ascii.ecsv' out : None or path-like Output destination (default is stdout via a pager) """ cls = self._cls method_name = self._method_name # Get reader or writer function associated with the registry get_func = (self._registry.get_reader if method_name == 'read' else self._registry.get_writer) try: if format: read_write_func = get_func(format, cls) except IORegistryError as err: reader_doc = 'ERROR: ' + str(err) else: if format: # Format-specific header = ("{}.{}(format='{}') documentation\n" .format(cls.__name__, method_name, format)) doc = read_write_func.__doc__ else: # General docs header = f'{cls.__name__}.{method_name} general documentation\n' doc = getattr(cls, method_name).__doc__ reader_doc = re.sub('.', '=', header) reader_doc += header reader_doc += re.sub('.', '=', header) reader_doc += os.linesep if doc is not None: reader_doc += inspect.cleandoc(doc) if out is None: import pydoc pydoc.pager(reader_doc) else: out.write(reader_doc)
[docs] def list_formats(self, out=None): """Print a list of available formats to console (or ``out`` filehandle) out : None or file handle object Output destination (default is stdout via a pager) """ tbl = self._registry.get_formats(self._cls, self._method_name.capitalize()) del tbl['Data class'] if out is None: tbl.pprint(max_lines=-1, max_width=-1) else: out.write('\n'.join(tbl.pformat(max_lines=-1, max_width=-1))) return out
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[docs]class UnifiedReadWriteMethod(property): """Descriptor class for creating read() and write() methods in unified I/O. The canonical example is in the ``Table`` class, where the ``connect.py`` module creates subclasses of the ``UnifiedReadWrite`` class. These have custom ``__call__`` methods that do the setup work related to calling the registry read() or write() functions. With this, the ``Table`` class defines read and write methods as follows:: read = UnifiedReadWriteMethod(TableRead) write = UnifiedReadWriteMethod(TableWrite) Parameters ---------- func : `~astropy.io.registry.UnifiedReadWrite` subclass Class that defines read or write functionality """ # We subclass property to ensure that __set__ is defined and that, # therefore, we are a data descriptor, which cannot be overridden. # This also means we automatically inherit the __doc__ of fget (which will # be a UnifiedReadWrite subclass), and that this docstring gets recognized # and properly typeset by sphinx (which was previously an issue; see # gh-11554). # We override __get__ to pass both instance and class to UnifiedReadWrite. def __get__(self, instance, owner_cls): return self.fget(instance, owner_cls)