class astropy.io.ascii.Ipac(definition='ignore', DBMS=False)[source]

Bases: astropy.io.ascii.Basic

IPAC format table.

See: http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/applications/DDGEN/Doc/ipac_tbl.html


\\ Comment
|  column1 |   column2 | column3 | column4  |    column5    |
|  double  |   double  |   int   |   double |     char      |
|  unit    |   unit    |   unit  |    unit  |     unit      |
|  null    |   null    |   null  |    null  |     null      |
 2.0978     29.09056    73765     2.06000    B8IVpMnHg


  2.09708   29.09056     73765   2.06000    B8IVpMnHg

The comments and keywords defined in the header are available via the output table meta attribute:

>>> import os
>>> from astropy.io import ascii
>>> filename = os.path.join(ascii.__path__[0], 'tests/data/ipac.dat')
>>> data = ascii.read(filename)
>>> print(data.meta['comments'])
['This is an example of a valid comment']
>>> for name, keyword in data.meta['keywords'].items():
...     print(name, keyword['value'])
intval 1
floatval 2300.0
date Wed Sp 20 09:48:36 1995
key_continue IPAC keywords can continue across lines

Note that there are different conventions for characters occurring below the position of the | symbol in IPAC tables. By default, any character below a | will be ignored (since this is the current standard), but if you need to read files that assume characters below the | symbols belong to the column before or after the |, you can specify definition='left' or definition='right' respectively when reading the table (the default is definition='ignore'). The following examples demonstrate the different conventions:

  • definition='ignore':

    |   ra  |  dec  |
    | float | float |
      1.2345  6.7890
  • definition='left':

    |   ra  |  dec  |
    | float | float |
       1.2345  6.7890
  • definition='right':

    |   ra  |  dec  |
    | float | float |
    1.2345  6.7890

IPAC tables can specify a null value in the header that is shown in place of missing or bad data. On writing, this value defaults to null. To specify a different null value, use the fill_values option to replace masked values with a string or number of your choice as described in Parameters for write():

>>> from astropy.io.ascii import masked
>>> fill = [(masked, 'N/A', 'ra'), (masked, -999, 'sptype')]
>>> ascii.write(data, format='ipac', fill_values=fill)
\ This is an example of a valid comment
|          ra|         dec|      sai|          v2|            sptype|
|      double|      double|     long|      double|              char|
|        unit|        unit|     unit|        unit|              ergs|
|         N/A|        null|     null|        null|              -999|
          N/A     29.09056      null         2.06               -999
 2345678901.0 3456789012.0 456789012 4567890123.0 567890123456789012

When writing a table with a column of integers, the data type is output as int when the column dtype.itemsize is less than or equal to 2; othewise the data type is long. For a column of floating-point values, the data type is float when dtype.itemsize is less than or equal to 4; otherwise the data type is double.

definition : str, optional

Specify the convention for characters in the data table that occur directly below the pipe (|) symbol in the header column definition:

  • ‘ignore’ - Any character beneath a pipe symbol is ignored (default)
  • ‘right’ - Character is associated with the column to the right
  • ‘left’ - Character is associated with the column to the left
DBMS : bool, optional

If true, this verifies that written tables adhere (semantically) to the IPAC/DBMS definition of IPAC tables. If ‘False’ it only checks for the (less strict) IPAC definition.

Methods Summary

write(self, table) Write table as list of strings.

Methods Documentation

write(self, table)[source]

Write table as list of strings.

table : Table

Input table data

lines : list

List of strings corresponding to ASCII table