BaseCoordinateFrame

class astropy.coordinates.BaseCoordinateFrame(*args, **kwargs)[source] [edit on github]

Bases: astropy.utils.misc.ShapedLikeNDArray

The base class for coordinate frames.

This class is intended to be subclassed to create instances of specific systems. Subclasses can implement the following attributes:

  • default_representation
    A subclass of BaseRepresentation that will be treated as the default representation of this frame. This is the representation assumed by default when the frame is created.
  • default_differential
    A subclass of BaseDifferential that will be treated as the default differential class of this frame. This is the differential class assumed by default when the frame is created.
  • Attribute class attributes
    Frame attributes such as FK4.equinox or FK4.obstime are defined using a descriptor class. See the narrative documentation or built-in classes code for details.
  • frame_specific_representation_info
    A dictionary mapping the name or class of a representation to a list of RepresentationMapping objects that tell what names and default units should be used on this frame for the components of that representation.
Parameters:

representation : BaseRepresentation or None

A representation object or None to have no data (or use the other arguments)

*args, **kwargs

Coordinates, with names that depend on the subclass.

differential_cls : BaseDifferential, dict, optional

A differential class or dictionary of differential classes (currently only a velocity differential with key ‘s’ is supported). This sets the expected input differential class, thereby changing the expected keyword arguments of the data passed in. For example, passing differential_cls=CartesianDifferential will make the classes expect velocity data with the argument names v_x, v_y, v_z.

copy : bool, optional

If True (default), make copies of the input coordinate arrays. Can only be passed in as a keyword argument.

Attributes Summary

cache Cache for this frame, a dict.
cartesian Shorthand for a cartesian representation of the coordinates in this object.
data The coordinate data for this object.
default_differential
default_representation
frame_attributes
frame_specific_representation_info
has_data True if this frame has data, False otherwise.
isscalar
name
representation The representation class used for this frame’s data.
representation_component_names
representation_component_units
representation_info A dictionary with the information of what attribute names for this frame apply to particular representations.
shape
size
spherical Shorthand for a spherical representation of the coordinates in this object.
sphericalcoslat Shorthand for a spherical representation of the positional data and a SphericalCosLatDifferential for the velocity data in this object.

Methods Summary

get_frame_attr_names()
get_representation_cls([which]) The class used for part of this frame’s data.
get_representation_component_names([which])
get_representation_component_units([which])
is_equivalent_frame(other) Checks if this object is the same frame as the other object.
is_frame_attr_default(attrnm) Determine whether or not a frame attribute has its value because it’s the default value, or because this frame was created with that value explicitly requested.
is_transformable_to(new_frame) Determines if this coordinate frame can be transformed to another given frame.
realize_frame(representation) Generates a new frame with new data from another frame (which may or may not have data).
replicate([copy]) Return a replica of the frame, optionally with new frame attributes.
replicate_without_data([copy]) Return a replica without data, optionally with new frame attributes.
represent_as(base[, s, in_frame_units]) Generate and return a new representation of this frame’s data as a Representation object.
separation(other) Computes on-sky separation between this coordinate and another.
separation_3d(other) Computes three dimensional separation between this coordinate and another.
set_representation_cls([base, s]) Set representation and/or differential class for this frame’s data.
transform_to(new_frame) Transform this object’s coordinate data to a new frame.

Attributes Documentation

cache

Cache for this frame, a dict. It stores anything that should be computed from the coordinate data (not from the frame attributes). This can be used in functions to store anything that might be expensive to compute but might be re-used by some other function. E.g.:

if 'user_data' in myframe.cache:
    data = myframe.cache['user_data']
else:
    myframe.cache['user_data'] = data = expensive_func(myframe.lat)

If in-place modifications are made to the frame data, the cache should be cleared:

myframe.cache.clear()
cartesian

Shorthand for a cartesian representation of the coordinates in this object.

data

The coordinate data for this object. If this frame has no data, an ValueError will be raised. Use has_data to check if data is present on this frame object.

default_differential
default_representation
frame_attributes = OrderedDict()
frame_specific_representation_info
has_data

True if this frame has data, False otherwise.

isscalar
name = 'basecoordinateframe'
representation

The representation class used for this frame’s data.

This will be a subclass from BaseRepresentation. Can also be set using the string name of the representation. If you wish to set an explicit differential class (rather than have it be inferred), use the set_represenation_cls method.

representation_component_names
representation_component_units
representation_info

A dictionary with the information of what attribute names for this frame apply to particular representations.

shape
size
spherical

Shorthand for a spherical representation of the coordinates in this object.

sphericalcoslat

Shorthand for a spherical representation of the positional data and a SphericalCosLatDifferential for the velocity data in this object.

Methods Documentation

classmethod get_frame_attr_names()[source] [edit on github]
get_representation_cls(which='base')[source] [edit on github]

The class used for part of this frame’s data.

Parameters:

which : (‘base’, ‘s’, None)

The class of which part to return. ‘base’ means the class used to represent the coordinates; ‘s’ the first derivative to time, i.e., the class representing the proper motion and/or radial velocity. If None, return a dict with both.

Returns:

representation : BaseRepresentation or BaseDifferential.

get_representation_component_names(which='base')[source] [edit on github]
get_representation_component_units(which='base')[source] [edit on github]
is_equivalent_frame(other)[source] [edit on github]

Checks if this object is the same frame as the other object.

To be the same frame, two objects must be the same frame class and have the same frame attributes. Note that it does not matter what, if any, data either object has.

Parameters:

other : BaseCoordinateFrame

the other frame to check

Returns:

isequiv : bool

True if the frames are the same, False if not.

Raises:

TypeError

If other isn’t a BaseCoordinateFrame or subclass.

is_frame_attr_default(attrnm)[source] [edit on github]

Determine whether or not a frame attribute has its value because it’s the default value, or because this frame was created with that value explicitly requested.

Parameters:

attrnm : str

The name of the attribute to check.

Returns:

isdefault : bool

True if the attribute attrnm has its value by default, False if it was specified at creation of this frame.

is_transformable_to(new_frame)[source] [edit on github]

Determines if this coordinate frame can be transformed to another given frame.

Parameters:

new_frame : class or frame object

The proposed frame to transform into.

Returns:

transformable : bool or str

True if this can be transformed to new_frame, False if not, or the string ‘same’ if new_frame is the same system as this object but no transformation is defined.

Notes

A return value of ‘same’ means the transformation will work, but it will just give back a copy of this object. The intended usage is:

if coord.is_transformable_to(some_unknown_frame):
    coord2 = coord.transform_to(some_unknown_frame)

This will work even if some_unknown_frame turns out to be the same frame class as coord. This is intended for cases where the frame is the same regardless of the frame attributes (e.g. ICRS), but be aware that it might also indicate that someone forgot to define the transformation between two objects of the same frame class but with different attributes.

realize_frame(representation)[source] [edit on github]

Generates a new frame with new data from another frame (which may or may not have data). Roughly speaking, the converse of replicate_without_data.

Parameters:

representation : BaseRepresentation

The representation to use as the data for the new frame.

Returns:

frameobj : same as this frame

A new object with the same frame attributes as this one, but with the representation as the data.

replicate(copy=False, **kwargs)[source] [edit on github]

Return a replica of the frame, optionally with new frame attributes.

The replica is a new frame object that has the same data as this frame object and with frame attributes overriden if they are provided as extra keyword arguments to this method. If copy is set to True then a copy of the internal arrays will be made. Otherwise the replica will use a reference to the original arrays when possible to save memory. The internal arrays are normally not changeable by the user so in most cases it should not be necessary to set copy to True.

Parameters:

copy : bool, optional

If True, the resulting object is a copy of the data. When False, references are used where possible. This rule also applies to the frame attributes.

Any additional keywords are treated as frame attributes to be set on the

new frame object.

Returns:

frameobj : same as this frame

Replica of this object, but possibly with new frame attributes.

replicate_without_data(copy=False, **kwargs)[source] [edit on github]

Return a replica without data, optionally with new frame attributes.

The replica is a new frame object without data but with the same frame attributes as this object, except where overriden by extra keyword arguments to this method. The copy keyword determines if the frame attributes are truly copied vs being references (which saves memory for cases where frame attributes are large).

This method is essentially the converse of realize_frame.

Parameters:

copy : bool, optional

If True, the resulting object has copies of the frame attributes. When False, references are used where possible.

Any additional keywords are treated as frame attributes to be set on the

new frame object.

Returns:

frameobj : same as this frame

Replica of this object, but without data and possibly with new frame attributes.

represent_as(base, s='base', in_frame_units=False)[source] [edit on github]

Generate and return a new representation of this frame’s data as a Representation object.

Note: In order to make an in-place change of the representation of a Frame or SkyCoord object, set the representation attribute of that object to the desired new representation, or use the set_representation_cls method to also set the differential.

Parameters:

base : subclass of BaseRepresentation or string

The type of representation to generate. Must be a class (not an instance), or the string name of the representation class.

s : subclass of BaseDifferential, str, optional

Class in which any velocities should be represented. Must be a class (not an instance), or the string name of the differential class. If equal to ‘base’ (default), inferred from the base class. If None, all velocity information is dropped.

in_frame_units : bool, keyword only

Force the representation units to match the specified units particular to this frame

Returns:

newrep : BaseRepresentation-derived object

A new representation object of this frame’s data.

Raises:

AttributeError

If this object had no data

Examples

>>> from astropy import units as u
>>> from astropy.coordinates import SkyCoord, CartesianRepresentation
>>> coord = SkyCoord(0*u.deg, 0*u.deg)
>>> coord.represent_as(CartesianRepresentation)
<CartesianRepresentation (x, y, z) [dimensionless]
        ( 1.,  0.,  0.)>
>>> coord.representation = CartesianRepresentation
>>> coord
<SkyCoord (ICRS): (x, y, z) [dimensionless]
    ( 1.,  0.,  0.)>
separation(other)[source] [edit on github]

Computes on-sky separation between this coordinate and another.

Parameters:

other : BaseCoordinateFrame

The coordinate to get the separation to.

Returns:

sep : Angle

The on-sky separation between this and the other coordinate.

Notes

The separation is calculated using the Vincenty formula, which is stable at all locations, including poles and antipodes [R2].

[R2]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great-circle_distance
separation_3d(other)[source] [edit on github]

Computes three dimensional separation between this coordinate and another.

Parameters:

other : BaseCoordinateFrame

The coordinate system to get the distance to.

Returns:

sep : Distance

The real-space distance between these two coordinates.

Raises:

ValueError

If this or the other coordinate do not have distances.

set_representation_cls(base=None, s='base')[source] [edit on github]

Set representation and/or differential class for this frame’s data.

Parameters:

base : str, BaseRepresentation subclass, optional

The name or subclass to use to represent the coordinate data.

s : BaseDifferential subclass, optional

The differential subclass to use to represent any velocities, such as proper motion and radial velocity. If equal to ‘base’, which is the default, it will be inferred from the representation. If None, the representation will drop any differentials.

transform_to(new_frame)[source] [edit on github]

Transform this object’s coordinate data to a new frame.

Parameters:

new_frame : class or frame object or SkyCoord object

The frame to transform this coordinate frame into.

Returns:

transframe

A new object with the coordinate data represented in the newframe system.

Raises:

ValueError

If there is no possible transformation route.