MexicanHat2DKernel¶

class astropy.convolution.MexicanHat2DKernel(width, **kwargs)[source]

2D Mexican hat filter kernel.

The Mexican Hat, or inverted Gaussian-Laplace filter, is a bandpass filter. It smooths the data and removes slowly varying or constant structures (e.g. Background). It is useful for peak or multi-scale detection.

This kernel is derived from a normalized Gaussian function, by computing the second derivative. This results in an amplitude at the kernels center of 1. / (pi * width ** 4). The normalization is the same as for scipy.ndimage.gaussian_laplace, except for a minus sign.

Parameters: width : number Width of the filter kernel, defined as the standard deviation of the Gaussian function from which it is derived. x_size : odd int, optional Size in x direction of the kernel array. Default = 8 * width. y_size : odd int, optional Size in y direction of the kernel array. Default = 8 * width. mode : str, optional One of the following discretization modes: ‘center’ (default) Discretize model by taking the value at the center of the bin. ‘linear_interp’ Discretize model by performing a bilinear interpolation between the values at the corners of the bin. ‘oversample’ Discretize model by taking the average on an oversampled grid. ‘integrate’ Discretize model by integrating the model over the bin. factor : number, optional Factor of oversampling. Default factor = 10.

Examples

Kernel response:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from astropy.convolution import MexicanHat2DKernel
mexicanhat_2D_kernel = MexicanHat2DKernel(10)
plt.imshow(mexicanhat_2D_kernel, interpolation='none', origin='lower')
plt.xlabel('x [pixels]')
plt.ylabel('y [pixels]')
plt.colorbar()
plt.show()


() 