Source code for astropy.samp.client

# Licensed under a 3-clause BSD style license - see LICENSE.rst


import copy
import os
import select
import socket
import threading
import warnings
from urllib.parse import urlunparse

from .constants import SAMP_STATUS_OK, SAMP_STATUS_WARNING
from .hub import SAMPHubServer
from .errors import SAMPClientError, SAMPWarning
from .utils import internet_on, get_num_args

from .standard_profile import ThreadingXMLRPCServer


__all__ = ['SAMPClient']


[docs]class SAMPClient: """ Utility class which provides facilities to create and manage a SAMP compliant XML-RPC server that acts as SAMP callable client application. Parameters ---------- hub : :class:`~astropy.samp.SAMPHubProxy` An instance of :class:`~astropy.samp.SAMPHubProxy` to be used for messaging with the SAMP Hub. name : str, optional Client name (corresponding to ``samp.name`` metadata keyword). description : str, optional Client description (corresponding to ``samp.description.text`` metadata keyword). metadata : dict, optional Client application metadata in the standard SAMP format. addr : str, optional Listening address (or IP). This defaults to 127.0.0.1 if the internet is not reachable, otherwise it defaults to the host name. port : int, optional Listening XML-RPC server socket port. If left set to 0 (the default), the operating system will select a free port. callable : bool, optional Whether the client can receive calls and notifications. If set to `False`, then the client can send notifications and calls, but can not receive any. """ # TODO: define what is meant by callable def __init__(self, hub, name=None, description=None, metadata=None, addr=None, port=0, callable=True): # GENERAL self._is_running = False self._is_registered = False if metadata is None: metadata = {} if name is not None: metadata["samp.name"] = name if description is not None: metadata["samp.description.text"] = description self._metadata = metadata self._addr = addr self._port = port self._xmlrpcAddr = None self._callable = callable # HUB INTERACTION self.client = None self._public_id = None self._private_key = None self._hub_id = None self._notification_bindings = {} self._call_bindings = {"samp.app.ping": [self._ping, {}], "client.env.get": [self._client_env_get, {}]} self._response_bindings = {} self._host_name = "127.0.0.1" if internet_on(): try: self._host_name = socket.getfqdn() socket.getaddrinfo(self._addr or self._host_name, self._port or 0) except socket.error: self._host_name = "127.0.0.1" self.hub = hub if self._callable: self._thread = threading.Thread(target=self._serve_forever) self._thread.daemon = True self.client = ThreadingXMLRPCServer((self._addr or self._host_name, self._port), logRequests=False, allow_none=True) self.client.register_introspection_functions() self.client.register_function(self.receive_notification, 'samp.client.receiveNotification') self.client.register_function(self.receive_call, 'samp.client.receiveCall') self.client.register_function(self.receive_response, 'samp.client.receiveResponse') # If the port was set to zero, then the operating system has # selected a free port. We now check what this port number is. if self._port == 0: self._port = self.client.socket.getsockname()[1] protocol = 'http' self._xmlrpcAddr = urlunparse((protocol, '{}:{}'.format(self._addr or self._host_name, self._port), '', '', '', ''))
[docs] def start(self): """ Start the client in a separate thread (non-blocking). This only has an effect if ``callable`` was set to `True` when initializing the client. """ if self._callable: self._is_running = True self._run_client()
[docs] def stop(self, timeout=10.): """ Stop the client. Parameters ---------- timeout : float Timeout after which to give up if the client cannot be cleanly shut down. """ # Setting _is_running to False causes the loop in _serve_forever to # exit. The thread should then stop running. We wait for the thread to # terminate until the timeout, then we continue anyway. self._is_running = False if self._callable and self._thread.is_alive(): self._thread.join(timeout) if self._thread.is_alive(): raise SAMPClientError("Client was not shut down successfully " "(timeout={}s)".format(timeout))
@property def is_running(self): """ Whether the client is currently running. """ return self._is_running @property def is_registered(self): """ Whether the client is currently registered. """ return self._is_registered def _run_client(self): if self._callable: self._thread.start() def _serve_forever(self): while self._is_running: try: read_ready = select.select([self.client.socket], [], [], 0.1)[0] except OSError as exc: warnings.warn(f"Call to select in SAMPClient failed: {exc}", SAMPWarning) else: if read_ready: self.client.handle_request() self.client.server_close() def _ping(self, private_key, sender_id, msg_id, msg_mtype, msg_params, message): reply = {"samp.status": SAMP_STATUS_OK, "samp.result": {}} self.hub.reply(private_key, msg_id, reply) def _client_env_get(self, private_key, sender_id, msg_id, msg_mtype, msg_params, message): if msg_params["name"] in os.environ: reply = {"samp.status": SAMP_STATUS_OK, "samp.result": {"value": os.environ[msg_params["name"]]}} else: reply = {"samp.status": SAMP_STATUS_WARNING, "samp.result": {"value": ""}, "samp.error": {"samp.errortxt": "Environment variable not defined."}} self.hub.reply(private_key, msg_id, reply) def _handle_notification(self, private_key, sender_id, message): if private_key == self.get_private_key() and "samp.mtype" in message: msg_mtype = message["samp.mtype"] del message["samp.mtype"] msg_params = message["samp.params"] del message["samp.params"] msubs = SAMPHubServer.get_mtype_subtypes(msg_mtype) for mtype in msubs: if mtype in self._notification_bindings: bound_func = self._notification_bindings[mtype][0] if get_num_args(bound_func) == 5: bound_func(private_key, sender_id, msg_mtype, msg_params, message) else: bound_func(private_key, sender_id, None, msg_mtype, msg_params, message) return ""
[docs] def receive_notification(self, private_key, sender_id, message): """ Standard callable client ``receive_notification`` method. This method is automatically handled when the :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.bind_receive_notification` method is used to bind distinct operations to MTypes. In case of a customized callable client implementation that inherits from the :class:`~astropy.samp.SAMPClient` class this method should be overwritten. .. note:: When overwritten, this method must always return a string result (even empty). Parameters ---------- private_key : str Client private key. sender_id : str Sender public ID. message : dict Received message. Returns ------- confirmation : str Any confirmation string. """ return self._handle_notification(private_key, sender_id, message)
def _handle_call(self, private_key, sender_id, msg_id, message): if private_key == self.get_private_key() and "samp.mtype" in message: msg_mtype = message["samp.mtype"] del message["samp.mtype"] msg_params = message["samp.params"] del message["samp.params"] msubs = SAMPHubServer.get_mtype_subtypes(msg_mtype) for mtype in msubs: if mtype in self._call_bindings: self._call_bindings[mtype][0](private_key, sender_id, msg_id, msg_mtype, msg_params, message) return ""
[docs] def receive_call(self, private_key, sender_id, msg_id, message): """ Standard callable client ``receive_call`` method. This method is automatically handled when the :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.bind_receive_call` method is used to bind distinct operations to MTypes. In case of a customized callable client implementation that inherits from the :class:`~astropy.samp.SAMPClient` class this method should be overwritten. .. note:: When overwritten, this method must always return a string result (even empty). Parameters ---------- private_key : str Client private key. sender_id : str Sender public ID. msg_id : str Message ID received. message : dict Received message. Returns ------- confirmation : str Any confirmation string. """ return self._handle_call(private_key, sender_id, msg_id, message)
def _handle_response(self, private_key, responder_id, msg_tag, response): if (private_key == self.get_private_key() and msg_tag in self._response_bindings): self._response_bindings[msg_tag](private_key, responder_id, msg_tag, response) return ""
[docs] def receive_response(self, private_key, responder_id, msg_tag, response): """ Standard callable client ``receive_response`` method. This method is automatically handled when the :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.bind_receive_response` method is used to bind distinct operations to MTypes. In case of a customized callable client implementation that inherits from the :class:`~astropy.samp.SAMPClient` class this method should be overwritten. .. note:: When overwritten, this method must always return a string result (even empty). Parameters ---------- private_key : str Client private key. responder_id : str Responder public ID. msg_tag : str Response message tag. response : dict Received response. Returns ------- confirmation : str Any confirmation string. """ return self._handle_response(private_key, responder_id, msg_tag, response)
[docs] def bind_receive_message(self, mtype, function, declare=True, metadata=None): """ Bind a specific MType to a function or class method, being intended for a call or a notification. The function must be of the form:: def my_function_or_method(<self,> private_key, sender_id, msg_id, mtype, params, extra) where ``private_key`` is the client private-key, ``sender_id`` is the notification sender ID, ``msg_id`` is the Hub message-id (calls only, otherwise is `None`), ``mtype`` is the message MType, ``params`` is the message parameter set (content of ``"samp.params"``) and ``extra`` is a dictionary containing any extra message map entry. The client is automatically declared subscribed to the MType by default. Parameters ---------- mtype : str MType to be caught. function : callable Application function to be used when ``mtype`` is received. declare : bool, optional Specify whether the client must be automatically declared as subscribed to the MType (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). metadata : dict, optional Dictionary containing additional metadata to declare associated with the MType subscribed to (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). """ self.bind_receive_call(mtype, function, declare=declare, metadata=metadata) self.bind_receive_notification(mtype, function, declare=declare, metadata=metadata)
[docs] def bind_receive_notification(self, mtype, function, declare=True, metadata=None): """ Bind a specific MType notification to a function or class method. The function must be of the form:: def my_function_or_method(<self,> private_key, sender_id, mtype, params, extra) where ``private_key`` is the client private-key, ``sender_id`` is the notification sender ID, ``mtype`` is the message MType, ``params`` is the notified message parameter set (content of ``"samp.params"``) and ``extra`` is a dictionary containing any extra message map entry. The client is automatically declared subscribed to the MType by default. Parameters ---------- mtype : str MType to be caught. function : callable Application function to be used when ``mtype`` is received. declare : bool, optional Specify whether the client must be automatically declared as subscribed to the MType (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). metadata : dict, optional Dictionary containing additional metadata to declare associated with the MType subscribed to (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). """ if self._callable: if not metadata: metadata = {} self._notification_bindings[mtype] = [function, metadata] if declare: self._declare_subscriptions() else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def bind_receive_call(self, mtype, function, declare=True, metadata=None): """ Bind a specific MType call to a function or class method. The function must be of the form:: def my_function_or_method(<self,> private_key, sender_id, msg_id, mtype, params, extra) where ``private_key`` is the client private-key, ``sender_id`` is the notification sender ID, ``msg_id`` is the Hub message-id, ``mtype`` is the message MType, ``params`` is the message parameter set (content of ``"samp.params"``) and ``extra`` is a dictionary containing any extra message map entry. The client is automatically declared subscribed to the MType by default. Parameters ---------- mtype : str MType to be caught. function : callable Application function to be used when ``mtype`` is received. declare : bool, optional Specify whether the client must be automatically declared as subscribed to the MType (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). metadata : dict, optional Dictionary containing additional metadata to declare associated with the MType subscribed to (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). """ if self._callable: if not metadata: metadata = {} self._call_bindings[mtype] = [function, metadata] if declare: self._declare_subscriptions() else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def bind_receive_response(self, msg_tag, function): """ Bind a specific msg-tag response to a function or class method. The function must be of the form:: def my_function_or_method(<self,> private_key, responder_id, msg_tag, response) where ``private_key`` is the client private-key, ``responder_id`` is the message responder ID, ``msg_tag`` is the message-tag provided at call time and ``response`` is the response received. Parameters ---------- msg_tag : str Message-tag to be caught. function : callable Application function to be used when ``msg_tag`` is received. """ if self._callable: self._response_bindings[msg_tag] = function else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def unbind_receive_notification(self, mtype, declare=True): """ Remove from the notifications binding table the specified MType and unsubscribe the client from it (if required). Parameters ---------- mtype : str MType to be removed. declare : bool Specify whether the client must be automatically declared as unsubscribed from the MType (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). """ if self._callable: del self._notification_bindings[mtype] if declare: self._declare_subscriptions() else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def unbind_receive_call(self, mtype, declare=True): """ Remove from the calls binding table the specified MType and unsubscribe the client from it (if required). Parameters ---------- mtype : str MType to be removed. declare : bool Specify whether the client must be automatically declared as unsubscribed from the MType (see also :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.declare_subscriptions`). """ if self._callable: del self._call_bindings[mtype] if declare: self._declare_subscriptions() else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def unbind_receive_response(self, msg_tag): """ Remove from the responses binding table the specified message-tag. Parameters ---------- msg_tag : str Message-tag to be removed. """ if self._callable: del self._response_bindings[msg_tag] else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def declare_subscriptions(self, subscriptions=None): """ Declares the MTypes the client wishes to subscribe to, implicitly defined with the MType binding methods :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.bind_receive_notification` and :meth:`~astropy.samp.client.SAMPClient.bind_receive_call`. An optional ``subscriptions`` map can be added to the final map passed to the :meth:`~astropy.samp.hub_proxy.SAMPHubProxy.declare_subscriptions` method. Parameters ---------- subscriptions : dict, optional Dictionary containing the list of MTypes to subscribe to, with the same format of the ``subscriptions`` map passed to the :meth:`~astropy.samp.hub_proxy.SAMPHubProxy.declare_subscriptions` method. """ if self._callable: self._declare_subscriptions(subscriptions) else: raise SAMPClientError("Client not callable.")
[docs] def register(self): """ Register the client to the SAMP Hub. """ if self.hub.is_connected: if self._private_key is not None: raise SAMPClientError("Client already registered") result = self.hub.register(self.hub.lockfile["samp.secret"]) if result["samp.self-id"] == "": raise SAMPClientError("Registration failed - " "samp.self-id was not set by the hub.") if result["samp.private-key"] == "": raise SAMPClientError("Registration failed - " "samp.private-key was not set by the hub.") self._public_id = result["samp.self-id"] self._private_key = result["samp.private-key"] self._hub_id = result["samp.hub-id"] if self._callable: self._set_xmlrpc_callback() self._declare_subscriptions() if self._metadata != {}: self.declare_metadata() self._is_registered = True else: raise SAMPClientError("Unable to register to the SAMP Hub. " "Hub proxy not connected.")
[docs] def unregister(self): """ Unregister the client from the SAMP Hub. """ if self.hub.is_connected: self._is_registered = False self.hub.unregister(self._private_key) self._hub_id = None self._public_id = None self._private_key = None else: raise SAMPClientError("Unable to unregister from the SAMP Hub. " "Hub proxy not connected.")
def _set_xmlrpc_callback(self): if self.hub.is_connected and self._private_key is not None: self.hub.set_xmlrpc_callback(self._private_key, self._xmlrpcAddr) def _declare_subscriptions(self, subscriptions=None): if self.hub.is_connected and self._private_key is not None: mtypes_dict = {} # Collect notification mtypes and metadata for mtype in self._notification_bindings.keys(): mtypes_dict[mtype] = copy.deepcopy(self._notification_bindings[mtype][1]) # Collect notification mtypes and metadata for mtype in self._call_bindings.keys(): mtypes_dict[mtype] = copy.deepcopy(self._call_bindings[mtype][1]) # Add optional subscription map if subscriptions: mtypes_dict.update(copy.deepcopy(subscriptions)) self.hub.declare_subscriptions(self._private_key, mtypes_dict) else: raise SAMPClientError("Unable to declare subscriptions. Hub " "unreachable or not connected or client " "not registered.")
[docs] def declare_metadata(self, metadata=None): """ Declare the client application metadata supported. Parameters ---------- metadata : dict, optional Dictionary containing the client application metadata as defined in the SAMP definition document. If omitted, then no metadata are declared. """ if self.hub.is_connected and self._private_key is not None: if metadata is not None: self._metadata.update(metadata) self.hub.declare_metadata(self._private_key, self._metadata) else: raise SAMPClientError("Unable to declare metadata. Hub " "unreachable or not connected or client " "not registered.")
[docs] def get_private_key(self): """ Return the client private key used for the Standard Profile communications obtained at registration time (``samp.private-key``). Returns ------- key : str Client private key. """ return self._private_key
[docs] def get_public_id(self): """ Return public client ID obtained at registration time (``samp.self-id``). Returns ------- id : str Client public ID. """ return self._public_id